Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums or the bones of the mouth. This is usually caused by plaque buildup. Plaque is a sticky and thick substance that forms naturally in the teeth and gums.
Plaque in and of itself is not harmful to your mouth. Problems arise when the plaque is left fixed on the teeth and gums. You can get the best Periodontitis treatment in Vaughan from expert dental hygienists.
When this happens, the bacteria in the plaque release toxins that damage the gums. Regular brushing and flossing must eliminate bacteria and poisons before they have a chance to do damage.
There are two common types of gum disease. Gingivitis is a mild to moderate condition. This causes the gums to become red and swollen and bleed easily. Damage to the gums from gingivitis can usually be reversed. Periodontitis is more severe.
In this case, the gums recede from the teeth and the infection can spread to the jawbone and roots that hold the teeth in place. This condition can cause tooth loss and other permanent damage.
Usually, the prevention and treatment of mild gingival disease are as simple as maintaining a good oral hygiene routine. It starts with regular brushing and teeth cleaning, at least twice a day. It is also important to visit your dentist regularly for examination and cleaning.